J.P. SAUER & SOHN in SUHL
Located in the mountains and valleys of Thuringia the “Green Heart of Germany” is found the “Waffenstadt Suhl” that was formerly one of the most important gun making centers of Germany. 1751 Established by Lorenz Sauer (Principal firm).
The first Sauer Company was founded in 1751 by Lorenz Sauer and was the oldest recorded manufacturer of firearms in all of Germany. In 1815 Johann-Gottlob Sauer started managing the firm, and in 1835 Johann Paul Sauer became the manager. It was in 1840 that Johann Paul Sauer and his son, Lorenz created the new name, J.P.Sauer & Sohn and utilized a trademark with this name. A complete timeline is in our Archive.
It was a true family business that passed from one Sauer generation to the next. In 1811 it became the first firearms company in Suhl to produce weapons for the German military. The original company ceased to exist at the end of World War II. Sauer was a leader in the production of sporting and hunting weapons, as well as pistols and military rifles.
The original company produced many different types of hunting guns, from single barrel rifles, side by side double rifles, over and under double rifles, shotgun / rifle combination guns, side by side shotguns, over and under shotguns and Drillings (Three barrel guns mostly with two shotgun barrels and one rifle barrel).This company produced guns of the highest quality and used the very best material. It was second to none in the entire world!
After Germany was divided the original Sauer company ended up behind the Iron Curtain under a Communist Government., An entirely new company was founded and built in Eckernförde, West Germany in 1951. This new company had acquired the rights to use the Sauer name, and whatever else that was available, to promote the oldest of all German firearms companies.
We will report about the Sauer breech loading hunting rifles from three different time periods. First and foremost about the guns that were made by Sauer up to the beginning of World War II in 1949, and you can find additional information and articles in our Archive (Nr.93-T).
Excellent photos and descriptions of quite a few Sauer guns can also be seen in this Archive.
You will find information about some of the guns that Sauer made during World War II, especially the so called Luftwaffe Drillings and over and under shotguns in our Archive.
You will find information about the guns made by the new Sauer factory in Eckernförde in the list of gun makers in Section 5.
You will also find it worth your wile to visit the web-site Sauerfineguns.com that a serious and well informed collector of Sauer guns has created.
Sauer, next to Merkel and Simson, has produced too many guns and models to show you in this web-site, but fortunately several books about Sauer came out, and you will find interesting and informative information in these books. Not all these books are still readily available and some have to be found at used book sellers.
J.P. Sauer & Sohn, a historical study of Sauer automatic Pistols, by Jim Cate & Nico Van Gijn. Although this book is mostly about Sauer pistols, it covers quite a bit of the Sauer history, especially of the World War II years and the occupation by American troops. It is out of print.
J.P. Sauer & Sohn, Volume II by Jim Kate & Martin Krause gives more information about the same time period, is also out of print but might still be available from the GGCA (firstname.lastname@example.org).
J. P. Sauer & Sohn in Suhl – Waffenstadt by Jim Cate is also out of print. You will find an review of this book in our Archive, and this will give you a good idea how many different hunting guns Sauer has made over the years. The book might still be available from the Germanic Gun Collectors Association at email@example.com.
J.P. Sauer & son by Peter Arfmann & Rolf Kallmeyer, On 100 pages the history of Suhl and the Sauer Company and the guns they made up to June 1948 when the Russian Administration Authority disowned the Sauer family are described and shown. On 81 additional pages the history and the guns of the new Sauer Company in Eckernförde are described and shown. This book is most likely available from major book sellers.
Much more information will be added to our Archive from time to time, including more articles and a photo gallery of Sauer guns.
The following images are courtesy-